Turkey: A Powerful Export Market for Global Sourcing and Strategic Sourcing plans

Strategic Sourcing plans should consider the opportunities offered by Turkey. As Sourcing and Procurement teams explore opportunities to shorten supply chains, look for alternative suppliers or find new fast growing potential markets to work with Turkey should be part of their thinking.

Many companies are already seeing the positive benefits Turkey can offer them as Turkey’s exports gain pace.  Turkish Export growth has seen three consecutive months of year on year growth. As demand and supply sides build to support deliver to challenges fuelled by

  • Several years of turmoil and global trade impacts
  • Reactions to the ongoing war in Ukraine
  • A wider desire to reduce China exposure in Supply chains
  • Rick and ESG benefits derived from moving some supply chain elements to Turkey

What can Turkey offer Sourcing and Procurement teams ? Why should it be considered as a core part of any Global Sourcing Strategy.

Turkey as a strategic sourcing destination can deliver a range of structural and economic benefits making doing business smooth and seamless.

  1. Geographical location: Turkey’s strategic location makes it a gateway between Europe and Asia, providing easy access to markets in both regions. It also offers access to major shipping routes, making it an ideal hub for international trade. The ability to rapidly visit suppliers without Visa restrictions is extremely valuable to many companies saving time and complex travel arrangements. Making building strong supplier relationships easier.
  2. Competitive pricing: Turkey’s lower labour and manufacturing costs, combined with its highly skilled workforce, make it an attractive option for sourcing products at competitive prices.
  3. High-quality products: Turkey has a long tradition of producing both a diverse range of products of very high-quality. Building on their traditional strengths in Textiles, Timber, Fruit and Spices to include more HI Tech industries

5. Trade agreements: Turkey has trade agreements with many countries, including the European Union, making it easier for buyers to source products and conduct business with Turkish manufacturers.

6. Ease of doing business: Turkey has made significant improvements in its business environment in recent years, including streamlining bureaucracy, reducing regulations, and improving the ease of doing business.

Turkey has a diverse range of exports but some of its biggest exports include:

1. Automotive parts: Turkey is a major producer of automotive parts, with exports worth over $20 billion in 2020. The country is home to several large automotive manufacturers and suppliers, and its high-quality parts are in demand worldwide.

2. Textiles: Turkey is one of the world’s leading textile producers and exporters, with exports worth over $10 billion in 2020. The country is known for its high-quality cotton and textile products, including clothing, fabrics, and home textiles.

3. Machinery: Turkey is a significant exporter of machinery and equipment, with exports worth over $9 billion in 2020. The country produces a range of machinery, including industrial equipment, agricultural machinery, and construction machinery.

4. Chemicals: Turkey is a major producer of chemicals, including petrochemicals, plastics, and pharmaceuticals, with exports worth over $8 billion in 2020. The country’s chemical industry is well-established and highly competitive.

5. Food products: Turkey is a major producer and exporter of food products, including fruits, vegetables, nuts, and processed foods. Exports of food products were worth over $7 billion in 2020.

Turkey’s biggest exports reflect the country’s diverse economy and its strengths in manufacturing, textiles, and agriculture. Alongside their traditional market strengths Turkey is fast building strong positions in several other markets.

1. Defense industry products: Turkey has seen significant growth in its defense industry exports, particularly in the Middle East and North Africa regions. The country’s defense exports have grown by over 20% annually in recent years, with total exports reaching $3.2 billion in 2020.

2. Electrical machinery and equipment: Turkey has seen strong growth in its exports of electrical machinery and equipment, which have grown by over 10% annually in recent years. Total exports in this category were worth $18 billion in 2020.

3. Medical devices: Turkey’s exports of medical devices have grown rapidly in recent years, driven by the country’s strong healthcare industry and growing demand for healthcare products. Exports of medical devices were worth $2.8 billion in 2020.

4. Iron and steel: Turkey is a major producer of iron and steel, and its exports in this category have grown by over 10% annually in recent years. Total exports of iron and steel were worth $14 billion in 2020.

5. Plastics: Turkey’s exports of plastics have also seen strong growth in recent years, driven by demand from Europe and the Middle East. Exports of plastics were worth $5.6 billion in 2020.

ET2C Is a global sourcing company with over twenty years’ experience working with our clients to deliver their Sourcing Strategies. Our offices in seven countries, including Izmir Turkey, ensure you always have a team on the ground to be your bridge to your Offshore suppliers.

Giving you independent feet on the ground and confidence with fast responses, removing time zone and language challenges.

If you would like to explore sourcing opportunities within Turkey or to discuss your future supply chain challenges.

Please contact us at contact@et2cint.com

Turkey: A Powerful Export Market for Global Sourcing and Strategic Sourcing plans Read More »

Strategic Sourcing from India – The Growing Economic Powerhouse

Strategic Sourcing from India, the high growth economy that should be in your Global Strategic Sourcing plan

With a population of over 1.2 billion, India is the World’s largest democracy, the second most populated country on the planet. It now boosts the World’s 5th Largest Economy WEF

Over the past decade, India’s integration into the Global Economy has been accompanied by similar levels of economic growth. Leading India to emerge as a Global Economic player and a country capable of playing a significant role in any product Sourcing Strategy.

“We believe India is set to surpass Japan and Germany to become the world’s third-largest economy by 2027 and will have the third-largest stock market by the end of this decade,” says Ridham Desai, Morgan Stanley’s Chief Equity

Building on their unique set of competitive advantages provided by:

  1. Skilled workforce
  2. Lower cost of labour
  3. Cultural alignment and compatibility
  4. Favourable regulatory environment
  5. Improving infrastructure
  6. Near-shoring and Re-shoring initiatives to move away from China benefitting India

The Regulatory environment has fuelled the delivery of six mega trends

1.Supply chain diversification

Fuelled by the global turmoil and moves by many companies to find alternative or additional sourcing partners to supplement China. India has benefitted from many companies in USA and Japan relocating supply chain partners to build future shock resilience.

  1. Key Export Market for India

Industrial components


Electronics and EV technology

Manufacturing competitiveness in India has benefitted hugely from skilled work force and lower labour costs allowing highly competitive pricing position v other markets. India steel manufacturing also fuels the competitiveness of the manufacturing sector. The textiles & Apparel markets in addition to the cost and quality of labour India has easy access to high quality raw materials.

EV manufacturing and innovation and India’s ambition to be a Global Hub for EV industry and Technology. India will launch 40 models of EV car models from a range of Car brands. Support for the industry has been further supported by the recently announced the opening of the worlds largest EV hub supporting the manufacture of both vehicles and advanced cells.

3.Government initiatives

The Indian Government continues to strive to create the rights conditions for Export business to flourish. Foreign and domestic investment in manufacturing has increased supporting further output growth.


As many factories reach high levels of utilisation, benefitting from the strong growth in the Indian economy. Investment levels are rising rapidly both from Government and Private enterprise.


Manufacturing companies are using M&A as a way of building scale and adding capabilities to their portfolios and export capability. Deals were $108b in India in 2021 of which 16% were in the Manufacturing sector.

6.PE/VC funding

In the last few year significant investment has flown in India industrial and export sectors. Fuelling growth in the start up Eco System and building transformative growth. The Manufacturing sector benefitted from over 16% of this investment.

Summary Indian Export growth

Indian continues to build its position as a global export powerhouse. Strong infrastructure in pace, continued investment and Government commitment to creating to export growth helps to make India an easy country to do business in.

It has the second largest railway network in the world and a vast coastline with established seaports.

Strategically located nearly 10,000 KM closer to Europe and the USA.

For companies wrestling with the need to evolve their Sourcing Strategies. Starting to look at Off Shoring options or as part of a wider China +1 strategy India should be top of your list of countries to investigate.

Key export areas of

Industrial Components.


Electronics particularly EV Technology

Can provide exceptionally high value and innovative products whilst retaining a lower-cost base.

ET2C Is a global sourcing company with over twenty years’ experience working with our clients to deliver their Sourcing Strategies. Our offices in seven countries ensure you always have a team on the ground to be your bridge to your Offshore suppliers. Giving you independent feet on the ground and confidence with fast responses, removing time zone and language challenges.

If you would like to explore sourcing opportunities within India or to discuss your future supply chain challenges.

Please contact us at contact@et2cint.com

Strategic Sourcing from India – The Growing Economic Powerhouse Read More »

Trending topics in Global Sourcing

Global Sourcing and Procurement functions are taking on a new enhanced mission within business. The immediate impact of which is to dramatically broaden their focus and accountabilities.

This fast rate of adaption and development of new responsibilities and challenges creates a need for New Skillsets, Data and Inputs.

For many teams who sit outside Global organisations this requires the rapid building of a New Eco System of partners to support the rapid delivery of new responsibilities. Building both the structure and systems to manage data but also the insight and decision-making skills required for analysis and action planning.

What some of the pressing agenda points for Chief Procurement Officers and Global Sourcing teams?

How can they keep on top of these big challenges as they rapidly evolve?

  1. Supplier Risk Management: Organizations are becoming increasingly concerned about supplier risk, especially in the wake of supply chain disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, many companies are investing in supplier risk management tools and strategies to mitigate risk and ensure business continuity.
  2. Near-Shoring: The disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic has prompted many organizations to rethink their global supply chain strategies and consider localizing their supply chains. This trend to Near-Shoring is likely to continue as companies look to reduce supply chain risk and improve their shock resilience.
  3. Sustainability and Ethical Sourcing: Sustainability and ethical sourcing are becoming increasingly important to consumers, and as a result, organisations are placing a greater emphasis on sustainable and ethical sourcing practices. This includes
  • Sourcing from suppliers that are environmentally and socially responsible.
  • Measuring and managing the Carbon emissions in their wider Supply chains.
  • Mapping wider Corporate Risks from within the entire Supply Chain.
  1. Digital Transformation: Digital transformation is driving significant changes in the global sourcing landscape, with organizations adopting new technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and robotic process automation to streamline processes, reduce costs, and improve efficiency.
  2. Supplier Diversity: Many organizations are recognizing the importance of supplier diversity, both from a social responsibility standpoint and to mitigate supplier risk. As a result, there is a growing emphasis on sourcing from diverse suppliers and supporting small and minority-owned businesses.
  3. Trade Policy: Trade policy continues to be a hot topic in global sourcing, with organizations closely monitoring changes in tariffs, trade agreements, and other trade policies that could impact their supply chain operations
  4.  Reshoring: The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted some organizations to consider reshoring their manufacturing operations to reduce supply chain risk and improve agility. Whilst this trend has immediate and obvious appeal as companies look to build more resilient supply chains. It is proving extremely complex and challenging for many organisations.

These 7 topic areas are increasingly important for companies and brands of all sizes to understand and review as part of their Global Sourcing Strategy. For many already stretched teams the need for skilled Partners to support their delivery of answer to these questions is crucial. 


Trending topics in Global Sourcing Read More »

Implementing a Strategic Sourcing Plan

Why you need a strong Global Sourcing Strategy for your business ?

Implementing a Strategic Sourcing Plan

5 reasons your business will benefit from a well-developed and executed Global Sourcing Strategy.

As the Canton fair opens for the 133rd time, bringing together business from across the globe. There is no better time to review and reflect on the need for a strong Global Sourcing strategy.As Sourcing and Procurement teams manage enhanced missions and a more elevated seat at the corporate table. Refining and delivering the Sourcing Strategy is even more important for corporate success.

  1. Cost savings: A well-executed strategic sourcing plan can help your company reduce sourcing and procurement costs by identifying opportunities to consolidate suppliers, optimize processes and build in new offshore supply partners.
  2. Improved supplier relationships: By working closely with suppliers to develop long-term partnerships, your company can benefit from improved quality, reduced lead times, and increased supplier responsiveness.
  3. Increased efficiency: Strategic sourcing can help your company streamline procurement processes, improve supply chain visibility, and reduce the time and effort required to manage supplier relationships. Speeding up Innovation, Npd and Packaging changes.
  4. Risk management: More strategic supplier partnerships can help mitigate the risks associated with supply chain disruptions, natural disasters, and other unforeseen events. Working together to jointly build a partnership for growth.
  5. Better alignment with business goals: A strategic sourcing plan can help your company align procurement decisions with broader business objectives, such as sustainability, innovation, and growth. Supporting the delivery of wider corporate ESG commitments.

Overall, a well-designed and executed strategic sourcing plan can help your company reduce costs, improve supplier relationships, increase efficiency, mitigate risk, and align procurement decisions with broader business goals.

Why you need a strong Global Sourcing Strategy for your business ? Read More »

Challenges for Sourcing Strategies-Global Sourcing 2.0

Global Sourcing 2.0 will define the response of Procurement and Sourcing Teams to another year of volatility. Inflationary pressure continues to build and the business need for Environmental and Supply Chain Risk management gains momentum, creating huge challenges for Sourcing and Procurement Teams.

Procurement and Sourcing Team leaders who had hoped that economic conditions in 2023 would make their jobs easier than last year are already disappointed. As the new year began, the volatility and inflation of the previous year showed no signs of abating

Many of the dimensions of change impacting business in 2023 are likely to still be with us in some form at the outturn of the year. Procurement and Sourcing functions are responding to these wide-ranging challenges in an equally wide range of structural changes and ways of working adaptations. Sourcing teams are facing the New Challenge of Global Sourcing 2.0

Macroeconomic conditions straining procurement

Understandably, the aggregate effect of these challenges has overwhelmed many procurement functions. Procurement can play a critical role in solving today’s most pressing business problems, but it cannot do so on its own. Winning now requires an entirely new level of resilience improvement and value creation built through a coordinated enterprise-wide effort. Global Sourcing in 2023 requires Procurement teams to sit at the heart of business in an expanded mission.

-Protecting against Corporate margin erosion

-Deliver on Environmental and Social Risk in Supply Chain

-Build Resilience against the next Black Swan event

Accordingly, success in protecting margins, containing cost escalation, and dynamically capturing opportunities requires an expanded mission for the procurement function. CEOs should consider positioning their procurement leaders at the center of the company’s response to the current context, tasked with a clear mandate to protect margins. CPOs can then mobilize executives for cross-functional impact and escalate investments in the talent and systems required to achieve and sustain outperformance.


Procurement leaders can combat volatility, inflation, and shortages and build resilience by taking ten core actions. The first critical element required is to gain transparency over the pressures and change drivers in their supply chain. Only be creating true visibility can they start to identify the key decisions required to deliver high level objectives. This will require

support from all functions across the business and external partners to support Procurement in developing a more agile approach.

Wide ranging Risk Assessment of Supplier Network

· Suppliers. What vulnerabilities—including financial, fulfilment, reputational, and environmental—do suppliers face?

· Supply. How are events affecting the end-to-end value chain? Which categories may be hard to secure in the foreseeable future?

· Cost. How are suppliers’ costs of goods sold (COGS) trending? Can we quantify the inflation or deflation they face? What do the results mean for our company’s P&L?

· Environmental. How are Key Suppliers measuring their Environmental impact and taking active measurable and visible steps to reduce as part of wider range of commitments

· Social, How is the Supply network mapped Globally against potential Social risks and are key suppliers.

Building New Skill Sets to Deliver an Expanded Mission for Procurement

As Procurement leaders wrestle with the new challenges of Global Sourcing 2.0 the need for a new range of additional skills becomes a critical need for delivery.

As Sourcing and Procurement teams play a more central role in business delivering their expanded contribution. The need to rapidly build skills will become a critical enabler to deliver their New Mission.

· Delivering a visible assessment of high level risk, across the entire supply chain

· Identifying Environmental impacts, particularly Emissions generated within Supply base

· Minimising impact on Key suppliers at potential risk of audit fatigue

· Building working Partnerships

Global Sourcing 2.0 represents a shift in priority and ways of working. From the old Procurement model of expecting Suppliers to make and supply to a forecast and at the cheapest possible price.

To one where there is a more collaborative approach to Sourcing Strategy based on visible shared data, shared Environmental and Social

commitments and strong partnership for growth. A shared vision of the future that can inform the future requirements.

We have long argued that an approach based on strong partnerships is a more successful Sourcing model than the focus on Cost and make to Forecast.


As more companies move to re structure the breadth of the Sourcing team mission within companies core competencies and skill sets need to be created, adopted and utilised.

Sourcing teams will need to rapidly build or bring in the skills required to bring full risk and impact visibility to their supply chain.

ET2C are a leading global sourcing company, with over twenty years’ experience supporting our clients to develop and deliver their sourcing strategies. We have seen a big rise in our clients demands for

-Emissions measurement and management

-Risk identification

-Quality and Compliance. Social & ethical Auditing

As many companies move rapidly towards a future defined by Global Sourcing 2.0. Drop us a line to see how we could support you in your challenges

Email us at Contact@et2cint.com.

Challenges for Sourcing Strategies-Global Sourcing 2.0 Read More »

Canton Fair: A Tipping Point for Global Sourcing?

The 133rd Canton Fair will open in April as China Factory output accelerates, supporting an upturn in China Sourcing but does demand remain subdued?  

Dogged for months by shortages of raw materials, labour instability, a difficult Covid policy, quickening inflation and weakened consumer demand, the world’s industrial engine is still struggling to fire on all cylinders. For many weeks, anticipation has been running hot that China’s reopening would bring a tangible economic lift across Asia and perhaps the rest of the world. That day seems to have finally arrived, with purchasing managers’ indices — especially from China, but also beyond — showing the first glimpses that the World’s second-largest economy will start to lift orders in other corners of the globe.   

The Canton Fair comes at a time when China is reopening to the West post Covid and notably a combination of raw material price softening and low container rates, put the spotlight back on ‘cost’ for buyers where this is now their sole focus in the short to medium term.  The biennial trade fair is one of the high points of global trade events and is expected to welcome over 25,000 exhibitors and buyers from all over the world.   

Is Demand Picking Up?  

Although there is an expectation that this Canton Fair will be large (Buyers and importers will no doubt be chomping at the bit to get out and see some product rather than at a distance!),  what are the factors that will dictate the appetite to get out on that plane?   

1.Consumer Confidence , as a general trend, has certainly softened across many markets due to inflationary pressures which have hit discretionary spend.  Every market has its own domestic     economics that need to be assessed. There is however data coming out that points to a less bleak outlook than initially expected (UK is not likely to be in a recession in 2023 as initially thought) and    this could lead to a pick-up in confidence going deeper into the year.  


rates have dropped to Pre Pandemic levels. A year ago container ships were queuing for births in ports to unload their cargoes, shippers were bumping containers and contract rates  were not worth the paper they were written on. Container rates were at an all-time high and shipping companies took full advantage of the market impact (note the amount of blank shippings to prop up the market).  A year on ships are being moth balled and sailings cancelled as demand has plummeted and spots rates dropped to Pre pandemic levels. The recent conference in the USA  Davos by the Sea brought into clear focus the strained relationships and tensions between shippers and shipping line owners. 

Inflationary cost

pressures on Brands, Retailers, Wholesalers and Importers. Pressure on cost has returned in many companies to counter inflationary pressures forcing prices up in front of the  consumer.  As we lived through the turmoil of the pandemic, the overriding issues for supply chain teams was to get product on shelf. As demand softens and inflationary cost pressures build in  companies the focus for sourcing teams has shifted back to a focus on cost.  Will China be a main beneficiary of this?

The Reopening of China

Has been rapid, and appears to be have weathered any Covid storm (we did not see any interruptions to factories even post CNY).  It is seen as a potential catalyst to energise economies across Asia and the wider world back into growth.  China factory output  has expanded at the fastest pace in more than a decade.  The sudden access to this market could  not come any sooner.

Inventory Levels 

Are still high across some sectors. This is impacting buying decisions as companies look to manage higher stock levels due to large buys in 2021/22 and weaker demand.  It is key that this stock is sold through to set companies up for the remainder of the year.


The Canton Fair appears to be aligned to the reopening of China, and the expectation has to be that many people are anticipating travelling out to Guangzhou and further afield within China to see suppliers for the first time in 3 years.

The need to drive cost benefit to the bottom line is supported by vastly reduced shipping costs compared with the past 18 months and China is still well placed to off cost advantages.   The Year of the Rabbit may just be as prosperous and lucky as intended!

For more information on the Canton Fair, China and other sourcing markets please drop us a line at contact@et2cint.com.

Canton Fair: A Tipping Point for Global Sourcing? Read More »

Ethiopia-Sourcing Opportunities for Textile and Garment Industry

Textile and Garment Industry Growing Sourcing in Ethiopia

Ethiopia’s sourcing opportunities for companies in the textiles and garments industry have been steadily growing, reaching $171m in exports, but it has taken a major hit from the onset of the pandemic followed by the Tigray civil war in the north. Will it be able to weave its way back to its former glory?

Located in the Horn of Africa, landlocked bordered by five countries and split by the huge Rift Valley. Ethiopia is Africa’s oldest independent country, a founder member of the United Nations and the has the second-largest population (after Nigeria) of over 122m people

Ethiopia is still the fastest growing economy in the region, with 6.3% growth in FY2020/21. Over the past 15 years Ethiopia’s economy has been one of the fastest growing in the World averaging over 9%.

Exports dropped to $140m in the first year of the pandemic alongside the start of fighting in the Tigray region in 2020. However, the biggest blow came from US-imposed sanctions in January 2022. Ending Ethiopia’s preferential market access under the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) has deprived the industry of its biggest client (80% of textile exports). 

Industrialisation and free trade

Few countries in Africa have been bolder and more focused in recent years than Ethiopia. The origins of this orientation towards Industrialisation can be traced to the country’s Agriculture Development-Led Industrialisation (ADLI) strategy, which was developed in the mid-1990s. Its aim was to enable Ethiopia to make initial gains in industrialisation through robust agricultural growth and linkages between the agriculture and industrial sectors.

The Ethiopian government heavily invested in transitioning from an agriculture-based economy to an industrialised one to attract the private sector.

“We initially produced plastic shoes in 1993 but switched to textile in 2008 and expanded to garments in 2012. The plastic industry was saturated, [so] government incentives encouraged investment in horticulture and textile,” Eyob Bekele, Desta Garment’s general manager, tells The Africa Report.

Ethiopia has more than 65 international investment projects under its name. The Ethiopian government has initiated several design incentives to accelerate this sector. It is proving to be a boon for the apparel marketers.

Textile Production in Ethiopia

Ethiopia has a long history of textile production. Nowadays, it is a booming sector for marketers to conduct sourcing activities in Ethiopia. A range of factors contribute to Ethiopias success as a centre for textile production

Various factors made this country a prime apparel sourcing destination. This country has a wide availability of raw materials under its name. This easy access to resources is intriguing modern-day apparel marketers at large.

In the last 6 years, the textile and apparel industry of Ethiopia has shown huge progress. This recent surge in the apparel production made Ethiopia a prime garment exporter to the foreign markets. It is indeed promising for brands, retailers, and suppliers.

Ethiopia is very likely to become a middle-income country by the end of 2025. Delivering on a key objective of the Ethiopian government.

The government of this country is taking every step to make the apparel sector more globally competitive.

The Ethiopian government is addressing the necessary structural reforms to reshape the country’s economy. Their ambition is to create thousands of jobs while attracting foreign currencies at large. The long term goal being to reduce the poverty of the country.

The Growth and Transformation Plan 1 and 2 outline a plan to create 15 export-geared, world-class, and eco-friendly industrial parks. All these parks should have a well-built infrastructure, safety options, and low carbon emissions. Many parks also enjoy Government facilities on site to support Banking, Import and Export licenses and Customs Clearance.

Chinese Investment in Ethiopian Development

China has invested heavily in Ethiopia alongside five other resource-rich countries – Nigeria, South Africa, Kenya, Ghana, and Tanzania.  China supports Ethiopia in playing a greater role in international and regional affairs and stands ready to communicate and cooperate with EthiopiaSupport includes building the Addis Ababa-Djibouti electrified railway, also known as the Ethiopia-Djibouti railway, the first trans-boundary railway on the African continent.

These deep ties have helped develop Ethiopia’s infrastructure to be able to support economic growth and have seen significant investment by Chinese companies. Currently, there are about 400 Chinese construction and manufacturing projects in Ethiopia, valued at over $4 billion. 

  • Abundant workforce

Ethiopian has a large population and skilled workforce who provide a relatively inexpensive labour force

  • Strategic location

Ethiopia’s location on the Gulf of Aden allows fast access to Northern European ports. Reducing potential transit from Asia by over 11,000 Km.

Djibouti to Rotterdam 8,577 km

Shanghai to Rotterdam 19,600 km

  • Infrastructure investment

Ethiopia has invested in road and rail. Particularly the rail link to the neighbouring country Djibouti which provides deep water sea port access to Europe and North America.

  • Duty free access to the European Union & USA

Ethiopia enjoys duty free market access to both the EU and USA under the terms of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) EU Africa trade

  • Agricultural development & Access to Raw Material

Ethiopia is a cotton growing Nation with access to large amounts of additional cultivatable land. Climatic conditions are ideal for cotton development and there is good access to Hydro-energy for factories.


Ethiopia should be a destination on every Sourcing Teams list for review as an apparel or textiles supplier. As a strategically well-placed country, with both a strong agricultural sector, freed trade agreements and good infrastructure links. It should be a country on every

ET2C Is a global sourcing company with over twenty years’ experience working with our clients to deliver their Sourcing Strategies. Our offices in seven countries ensure you always have a team on the ground to be your bridge to your Offshore suppliers.

If you would like to explore sourcing opportunities within Ethiopia or to discuss your future supply chain challenges.

Please contact us at contact@et2cint.com

Ethiopia-Sourcing Opportunities for Textile and Garment Industry Read More »

Malaysia Sourcing: Asia Manufacturing

Malaysia sourcing is a great alternative for any sourcing strategy, but what are the opportunities?


Malaysia Sourcing is a unique opportunity. Located between two and seven degrees north of the Equator between the Andaman and South China Sea, Malaysia is formed by 13 states. A population of over 33m people live on the islands that are 60% covered by Rain Forest. Its landmass is similar in size to Germany, Norway or Finland.

Economic development:

Malaysia has the third largest economy in South East Asia .Since gaining independence in 1957, Malaysia has successfully diversified its economy from one that was initially agriculture and commodity-based, to one that now plays host to robust manufacturing and service sectors, which have propelled the country to become a leading exporter of electrical appliances, parts, and components.

Openness to trade and investment has been instrumental in employment creation and Malaysian Income Growth, with about 40% of jobs in Malaysia linked to export activities. Malaysia’s economy has been on an upward trajectory, averaging growth of 5.4% since 2010, and is expected to achieve its transition from an upper middle-income economy to a high-income economy by 2024

Key Export Categories for Malaysia

  1. Electrical equipment
  2. Plastics and Plastic products
  3. Medical apparatus
  4. Forestry products
  5. Pepper

Malaysian advantages as a Market for Strategic Sourcing

Malaysia has several factors that make it a country that should not be overlooked in any sourcing strategy. It offers a dynamic and vibrant business environment with a well-developed infrastructure, a productive workforce and supportive pro-business Government policies.

“The focus will have to be on making it easier — ease of doing business,” he said. “That is one of the key opportunities for Malaysia.” Malaysian Trade Minister Tengku Zafrul Aziz

Malaysia has a well-developed infrastructure after investing in Roads, Rail, Ports and Airports to ensure good connectivity. The population has a high level of fluency in English (a legacy of British colonial rule).

The strategically strong position of Malaysia on the Straits of Malacca is on the major trade routes between Europe and China.


Malaysia has many assets that make it a sourcing country that should be a part of any companies Sourcing Strategy. Whether you are looking to build you first offshore sourcing plans or diversify into a Multi country strategy.

The ease of doing business, high levels of transport connectivity, Pro business government policies and skilled workforce make Malaysia a strong sourcing option.

Malaysia’s economy has been on an upward trajectory, averaging growth of 5.4% since 2010, and is expected to achieve its transition from an upper middle-income economy to a high-income economy by 2024. 

ET2C Is a global sourcing company with over twenty years’ experience working with our clients to deliver their sourcing strategies. Our offices in seven countries ensure you always have a team on the ground to be your bridge to your Off Shore suppliers.

If you would like to explore sourcing opportunities within Malaysia for your sourcing strategy or to discuss your future challenges.

Please contact us at contact@et2cint.com

Malaysia Sourcing: Asia Manufacturing Read More »

Sourcing Agility

Sourcing Agility

Agility as a key part of your Sourcing Strategy

World trade continues to ebb and flow from the fall out from the Pandemic. Companies and markets are left dealing with the continuing supply chain disruption. The ongoing conflict in Ukraine, China’s ‘Dynamic Covid’ Policy, supply and demand imbalances in commodity markets and the backlog of containers at ports around the world all contribute to the inflationary pressures on consumer pricing and stock misjudgements (shortages and excess).

The future outlook for risk and disruption continues to be uncertain. As the World Economic Forum Global risk report 2022 suggests. Their view is we should expect increased volatility disruption over the next three years. Creating further global trade turmoil and supply chain disruption.

Sourcing Agility

What does this mean for Global Sourcing Strategies?

Global disruption, whilst creating huge pressures, also creates opportunities for companies and brand owners who can identify opportunities and adapt swiftly to the new paradigm.

Dealing with disruption will be balanced with the need to deliver business efficiency and increasing environmental challenges such as GHG emissions reduction in wider supply chains.

Sourcing Agility


Efficiency and resilience will be vitally important to compete effectively through current and future disruptions. Agility to deploy these two elements will build significant competitive advantage.

Re-shaping business process to deliver increased effectiveness.

Demand tracking                            to          future change anticipation and planning

Process silos                                     to            integrated business planning

Information hoarding                     to          rapid sharing for better decision making

The need to integrate environmental measurement and reduction whilst securing improved and more effective sourcing strategies will increase the need for tangible partnerships within supply chains. Building working relationships with strategic suppliers from within current supply chains and identifying near shoring opportunities will build in additional ‘flex’ into your sourcing strategy.

Transactional relationships           to              partnerships for growth


Keys Steps to Build Agility and Increasing Competitive Advantage:

1. Focus on efficiency through data management and lean business process

2. Build strong partnerships inside current supply chain with strategic suppliers

3. Identify new partnership opportunities for sourcing in new jurisdictions


Building strong partnerships with a focus on agile growth planning can be accelerated by utilising additional expertise to support your growth ambitions.

Whatever your needs, we are here help you source from global sourcing markets. As a leading sourcing partner with a presence on the ground in multiple markets, we can help build the agility and resilience that you need. For more information, please contact us at contact@et2cint.com

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